## Physics Virtual Labs  #### Forces I

Forces, Newton's Laws, Energy, Heat, Atmospheric Pressure, Electron  #### Forces II

Forces and their effects on objects II. Accelerated motion, power and work, fluids, friction  #### Waves

Sound waves and transmission media. The speed of sound. Waves in the Water, Echo.  #### Light

Decomposition of light, reflection, mirrors, refraction, lenses and optical instruments  #### Electricity and Magnetism I  #### Electricity and Magnetism II

Ohm's law, resistance, voltage, current, Kirchhoff's laws, magnetic fields

## TopicsPhysics Virtual Labs

#### Forces I

1. Displacement and Speed

Lab Objective: Interpretar la velocidad como la relación entre desplazamiento y tiempo, y la diferencia de la rapidéz, a partir de datos obtenidos de situaciones cotidianas.

2. Position and Velocity

Lab Objective: Interpreta la velocidad como la relación entre desplazamiento y tiempo, y la diferencia de la rapidez, a partir de datos obtenidos de situaciones cotidianas.

Interpreta tablas de datos y gráficas de posición-tiempo, en las que describe y predice diferentes movimientos a partir de datos que obtiene en experimentos y/o de situaciones del entorno.

3. Position and Velocity II

Lab Objective: In this activity we will continue the study of the concepts of position and velocity and we will relate the velocity with the inclination of the position versus time graph.

4. Newton's First Law of Motion

Lab Objective: Interpret and apply Newton's Laws as a set of rules to describe and predict the effects of forces in experiments and / or everyday situations.

Values the importance of Newton's Laws in explaining the causes of the motion of objects.

5. Newton's Second Law of Motion

Lab Objective: Interpret and apply Newton's Laws as a set of rules to describe and predict the effects of forces in experiments and/or everyday situations.

Evaluate the importance of Newton's Laws in explaining the causes of the motion of objects.

6. Energy Transfer

Lab Objective: Describes energy transformation chains in the environment and in experimental activities, in which heat energy intervenes.

Interpret the algebraic expression of the principle of conservation of energy, in terms of heat transferred-gained.

7. Heat and Temperature I

Lab Objective: Creatively designs and elaborates technical objects, experiments or models that allow you to describe, explain or predict some physical phenomena related to the interactions of matter.

8. Heat and Temperature II

Lab Objective: Describes temperature from the kinetic model of particles in order to explain thermal phenomena and processes that it identifies in the environment, as well as to differentiate it from heat.

Argues the importance of thermal energy in human activities.

9. Atmospheric Pressure

Lab Objective: Describes pressure and force difference, as well as their relationship with Pascal's principle, from everyday situations.

10. Electrical Induction

Lab Objective: Identify the ideas and experiments that led to the discovery of electromagnetic induction.

11. The Electron

Lab Objective: Relates the search for better explanations and the advancement of science, based on the historical development of the atomic model.

Describes the basic constitution of the atom and the characteristics of its components in order to explain some effects of electrostatic interactions in experimental activities and / or in everyday situations.

12. Natural and Artificial Satellites

Lab Objective: Applies and integrates concepts, skills, attitudes, and values ​​by designing and conducting experiments, investigations, technical objects (devices), and models, in order to describe, explain, and predict environmental phenomena and processes.

He develops his project in a more autonomous way, showing responsibility, solidarity and equity in collaborative work; Likewise, it recognizes successes and difficulties in relation to the knowledge learned, the forms of work carried out and their participation in the project.

Poses questions or hypotheses that generate possible answers, solutions or technical objects with imagination and creativity; Likewise, it prepares arguments and conclusions based on the evidence and information obtained in the investigation. #### Forces II

1. Measurements, Vernier and Palmer

Lab Objective: Through this practice, it is intended to introduce the student to the measurement processes, applying the techniques and estimating the error introduced in the measurement.

It is also intended a review about the systems of units, as well as the handling of the vernier and the palmer, in addition to the calculation of area and volume.

2. Vectors

Lab Objective: This lab aims for the student to apply in the laboratory the concepts of vector magnitudes, resultant vector and balancing vector. Let him use the graphical method of the parallelogram and the mathematical method of the Pythagorean theorem.

3. Uniform Rectilinear Motion

Lab Objective: The practice presents the elements for the student to verify in the laboratory the characteristics of the uniform rectilinear motion and to create graphs.

4. Uniformly Accelerated Movement

Lab Objective: The practice presents the elements for the student to verify in the laboratory the characteristics of the uniformly accelerated movement and to create graphs.

5. Newton's Laws

Lab Objective: This practice leads the student to check Newton's three laws in the laboratory in an entertaining way and with simple material.

6. Friction

Lab Objective: The practice aims for the student to analyze the causes and effects of friction and to relate this concept to daily life.

It will relate friction to the opposition that a body offers to movement when a force is applied to it, changing the roughness.

7. Work and Power

Lab Objective: The practice presents in a simple way the concepts of force, area, work, time, power and the relationship between them as well as their units. It is also intended that the student calculate the area, measure the force, calculate the work, measure the time and calculate the power.

8. Momentum and Amount of Movement

Lab Objective: The practice intends for the student to verify the conservation of the momentum in elastic collisions of bodies.

9. Density and Specific Weight

Lab Objective: The practice presents in a simple way the way to calculate the density of bodies in solid state with regular and irregular shape, by using the balance to measure the mass and the calculation of the volume using the vernier for the bodies of regular shape and the technique of displacement in water for the solids of irregular shape. The density of liquids will also be measured using a hydrometer.

10. Archimedean Principle

Lab Objective: The practice intends for the student to experimentally verify Archimedes' principle by using the hydrostatic balance.

11. Torricelli experiment

Lab Objective: In this practice the teacher will demonstrate the Torricelli experiment so that the student understands the phenomenon of atmospheric pressure and its applications in life.

12. Pascal's Principle

Lab Objective: In this lab, the teacher will show Pascal's principle using simple material. #### Sound and Waves

1. Simple Pendulum

Lab Objective: The student will check the relationship between the length of a simple pendulum and its period of oscillation.

2. A Wave in Motion

Lab Objective: The student will become familiar with simple harmonic motion and determine the fundamental characteristics.

3. Transverse Waves

Lab Objective: That the student, based on the knowledge acquired in his investigation, determine the speed of propagation of a transverse wave in strings of different linear mass density for a constant tension.

4. Longitudinal Waves

Lab Objective: Determine the velocity of propagation of a longitudinal wave in a spring.

5. Waves in the Water

Lab Objective: Observe the characteristics of the waves produced on the surface of a liquid.

6. Sound in Water

Lab Objective: The student will demonstrate that sound is transmitted and propagated in water.

7. Difference in Sounds

Lab Objective: It will identify the different qualities that are present in the sound, produced by some type of instrument.

8. The Echo

Lab Objective: Verify that the phenomenon known as echo is the reflection of sound. #### Light and Effects

1. Decomposition of White Light

Lab Objective: Observe the decomposition of white light into its component colors, caused by the phenomenon of scattering in prisms.

2. Reflection of Light

Lab Objective: That the student check the law of reflection of light, as well as the types of reflection that exist.

3. Flat and Curved Mirrors

Lab Objective: It will check how the image of a flat and angular mirror is constructed. You will deduce from the measurements the relationship between object distance, image distance and focal length, measured with respect to the vertex of the concave mirror. It will demonstrate imaging of convex mirrors.

4. Refraction of Light

Lab Objective: Check the law of refraction and determine the refractive index of a body.

5. Illumination Intensity

Lab Objective: Demonstrate the relationship between the intensity of a light source and the intensity of illumination on a surface.

6. Lenses

Lab Objective: The student will know the characteristics and classification of divergent and convergent lenses.

7. Optical Instruments

Lab Objective: The student will know the diagrams that make up the optical system of some instruments. #### Electricity and Magnetism I

1. Van de Graaff electrostatic generator

Lab Objective: Observe and experiment with electrical charges produced by an electrostatic generator.

2. Electric charge transfer

Lab Objective: Observe and experiment with electrical charges produced by friction between objects of different materials.

Lab Objective: Observe and experiment with electrical charges produced by friction between objects of different materials. Verify that the electrical charge is transferred by induction and by contact.

4. Electrostatic Separation of Mixtures

Lab Objective: Observe and experiment with electrical charges produced by friction between objects of different materials. Verify that the electrical charge is transferred by induction.

5. Capacitors

Lab Objective: Observe and experiment with capacitors of different types and values. Verify that the potential difference changes according to the charge and discharge of the capacitor.

6. Capacitors in Circuits

Lab Objective: Determine the behavior of capacitors in an RC circuit. Study the combination of capacitors.

7. Principle of Electrical Circuits

Lab Objective: The purpose of this practice is to become more familiar with the experimentation card or "Breadboard" although it has already been used in previous practices, to learn how to assemble a complete electrical circuit and to learn how to represent electrical circuits with diagrams. #### Electricity and Magnetism II

1. Lights in Circuits

Lab Objective: The purpose of this lab is to determine how light bulbs behave in different circuit arrangements. Different ways of connecting two batteries will be investigated.

2. Ohm's Law

Lab Objective: The purpose of this lab is to investigate the three variables involved in a mathematical relationship known as Ohm's Law. You will also learn to make electrical measurements using a multimeter.

3. Resistance in Circuits

Lab Objective: The purpose of this lab is to begin to experiment with the variables that contribute to the operation of an electrical circuit. This is the first of three practices in a row.

4. Voltage in Circuits

Lab Objective: The purpose of this lab will be to continue experimenting with the variables that contribute to the operation of an electrical circuit. You must have successfully completed Practice 10 to continue with this.

5. Current in Circuits

Lab Objective: The purpose of this lab will be to continue experimenting with the variables that contribute to the operation of an electrical circuit.

6. Kirchhoff's Laws

Lab Objective: The purpose of this practice will be to experimentally demonstrate Kirchhoff's Laws for electrical circuits.

7. Fundamentals of Magnetic Fields

Lab Objective: Observe and experiment with magnetic charges produced by permanent magnets.     